Preece Family History and One Name Study

The website dedicated to the research of Preece individuals and families worldwide


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Mining Industry - Workers and Locations



While there are very few deep coal mines left in the UK in 2015 (there are many other mines/quarries left), mining has been a long-term source of employment in this country.

Refer back to my list of occupations appearing in my database, and you would find "Miner" at number 18, with "Collier" just outside the top 20. Add "Coal Miner Hewer" (number 41) and assorted variations on these words and over 700 entries can be found for the industry over the 1841 to 1911 census years and other parish records. Not all mines are for coal, as will be seen in the subsequent sections. In my totals, I have included such occupations as clerks at mines, and other occupations not directly involved in the extraction process, but I have excluded coal dealers and hauliers.

Over they years there have also been a number of mining accidents involving Preece family members, and I will include details of these wherever possible in the appropriate census section.

Each section will have the census entries for those who have been identified as part of the industry, together with commentary on areas, movement etc. Maps will be included for each year to show where the people lived. It is my intention to expand details into examples of particular family movements, this will follow in due course.

The map to the left shows all the places where Preece family members have been recorded in the census from 1841 - 1911 and involved in the mining industry. This is places of residence rather than the actual place of occupation but of course they will necessarily be working close to home. This is a map covering all the years to show the spread over time - as will be seen from the individual years, there are few in 1841 but the numbers have grown considerably by 1911. The map here does not separate lead, coal etc, but the maps on the more detailed pages do so.

Details are shown below of the numbers involved in each of the years, split into coal, lead and iron ore where appropriate.

Links are shown below to jump to separate sections.

Yearly totals by type of mining
 
Year
Coal mining
Lead Mining
Iron Ore / Others
Total
1841
4
11
1
16
1851
27
18
0
43
1861**
18
3
3
24
1871
30
12
3
45
1881
43
6
12
61
1891
100
3
1
104
1901
159
4
2
165
1911
208
3
2
213
Totals
589
60
24
671

** There are a number of census pages missing from the National Archives archives, which particularly affect the area around Worthen, where a number of lead miners were found in 1851 and again in 1871.

To avoid too many different pages, I have added the details for two years census returns on each page, making four pages to view all the records. Links can be found below, each of the pages will allow you to return to this page, move to another series of years, or return to another section within the site via the menu at the top of the page.

1841 & 1851 census entries
1861 & 1871 census entries
1881 & 1891 census entries
1901 & 1911 census entries